How much do you know about the welding wire used in the welding machine

14 Oct 2021

With the development of industrial production, various requirements have been put forward for the welding technology of welding machine. In the field of welding, different welding methods have different welding processes. The welding process is mainly based on the material, brand, and chemical composition of the workpiece to be welded. Weldment structure type, welding performance requirements to determine. There are many types of welding methods, and the welding materials are therefore diverse. Today we are talking about welding wire. Although we don’t have much contact with welding wire, if it exists in the circuit of light bulbs, the circuit board of TV, and the wire of rice cooker, you will feel that it is everywhere, not only in life and work, but also in industry. Welding wire is also used in large quantities in the production process.

Interpreted from the meaning, the material used for welding with a metal filler or as a metal for conductive use at the same time is called a welding wire. The shape of the welding wire is a rolled circle or an abnormal shape, that is, an abnormal shape. The characteristic of the welding wire is that an odor will appear during the welding process, which is a normal phenomenon. In gas welding and tungsten gas shielded arc welding, the welding wire is used as a filler metal; in submerged arc welding, electroslag welding and other molten electrode gas shielded arc welding, the welding wire is both a filler metal and a conductive electrode. The surface of the welding wire is not coated with any anti-oxidation flux.

In terms of classification, the welding wire can be classified according to its chemical composition; that is, iron-based surfacing wear-resistant welding wire and non-iron-based surfacing wear-resistant welding wire. According to the structure of welding wire; it can be divided into solid core welding wire and flux cored welding wire. Classified according to the welding process used; it can be divided into submerged arc welding wire, gas shielded welding wire, electroslag welding wire, non-ferrous metal and cast iron welding wire. According to the applicable metal material classification; divided into low carbon steel welding wire, low alloy steel welding wire, hard alloy surfacing welding wire, aluminum copper iron welding wire. Welding wire can be divided into many types according to different classification standards.

Below we elaborate on the classification of welding wire from the welding process method used. The first category is submerged arc welding wire; during submerged arc welding, the flux protects the weld metal and metallurgical treatment. The welding wire is mainly used as a filler metal. At the same time, it adds alloying elements to the weld and participates in the metallurgical reaction. The submerged arc welding wire is subdivided into three types: low-carbon steel and low-alloy steel wire, high-strength steel wire, and stainless steel wire. The second category is gas shielded welding wire; gas shielded welding wire is subdivided into inert gas shielded welding wire (TIG welding wire and MIG welding wire), active gas shielded welding wire (MAG welding wire) and self-shielded welding wire. The third category is electroslag welding wire; electroslag welding is suitable for welding medium and thick plates, and the electroslag welding wire mainly plays the role of filler metal and alloying. The fourth category is non-ferrous metal and cast iron welding wire; it can also be subdivided into four types: surfacing welding wire, copper and copper alloy welding wire, aluminum and aluminum alloy welding wire, and cast iron welding wire.

So how should we choose welding wire? First of all, the selection of welding wire should be selected according to the type of steel to be welded; then it should be selected according to the quality requirements of the welded parts; and the other should be based on the welding construction conditions on site (plate thickness, groove shape, welding position, welding conditions, post-welding) Heat treatment and welding operations) to choose; finally, it depends on factors such as cost. According to these principles, the most suitable welding wire can be selected.

How to store the welding wire? First, the place where the welding wire is stored should have a dry and ventilated environment to avoid moisture; second, refuse to store it with water, acid, alkali and other liquids that are very volatile and corrosive; third, it should not be placed directly on the floor Or close to the wall; fourth, do not break the packaging, especially the "heat shrinkable film" of the inner packaging; fifth, use up the welding wire as soon as possible when opening the package.

After reading these, you must have a deeper understanding of welding wire. Only by deeply understanding and understanding the meaning of welding wire, the classification of welding wire, how to choose welding wire, and how to store welding wire, can we use welding wire freely and obtain a more perfect welding effect.

Keywords: welding machine

Originally published 14 Oct 2021, updated 14 Oct 2021.

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